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Botswana became an independent country in 1966, and today has a population of approximately 2,209,208 people. Botswana is considered to be a democratic nation, and the Botswana Democratic Party has been in power since independence.

Botswana is considered to be a middle-income country, with a per capita GDP or $17,700 as of the year 2015. Botswana’s main output is diamond mining, which accounts for 85% of national GDP.

  • Country Profile
    • Land mass/Major Cities – A landlocked country, Botswana has an area of 581,730 sq km. The capital city of Botswana is Gaborone.
    • Languages – English (official), Setswana, Sekalanga, Shekgalagadi, Zezuru/Shona, Sesarwa, Sembukushu, Ndebele, other
  • Business Activity
    • Agriculture – Beans, groundnuts, livestock, maize, millet, sorghum, & sunflowers.
    • Industries – Coal, copper, diamonds, iron ore, livestock, nickel, potash, salt, soda ash, silver, & textiles.
    • Natural Resources – Coal, copper, diamonds, iron ore, nickel, potash, salt, silver, soda ash,
    • Exports – Copper, diamonds, meat, nickel, soda ash, & textiles.
    • Imports – Electrical goods, foodstuffs, fuel and petroleum, machinery, metal, textiles, transport equipment, wood and paper products,
    • Major Trading Partners – Belgium, South Africa, India, Namibia, Canada, Israel, UAE, Switzerland, Norway, Singapore, China, Germany, United States, and the United Kingdom

Source: CIA. (2017). The World Factbook: Tanzania. CIA. Retrieved from:


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